History of American Barbecue
This historical accuracy of barbecue (BBQ) rages between Texas where beef is commonly used, Memphis where mutton is choice, and the Carolinians who prefer pork.
The actual history of barbecue began when Columbus witnessed native Hispaniola island tribes cooking meat over indirect flame with green wood. Spanish explorers named this style of cooking ‘barbacoa’ and eventually the technique came to the U.S., where it kept its traditional ingredient of pork.
Eastern-most colonies also used primitive forms of slow cooking for pork, beginning with vinegar-based ‘whole hog’ barbecue in Virginia, which eventually it made its way down to the Carolinas. In pre-Civil War times, pork was mainly used because pigs were not cared for as well as cows and the tougher meat required slow cooking to tenderize.
Eventually the fashion for slow cooking spread to Texas, where German immigrants mixed it up by using beef. Up the Mississippi River in Memphis, sweet tomato-based sauces were combined with molasses and applied to mutton for a new, unique taste. Kansas City combines regional styles, and you’ll find many restaurants in that area feature both pork and beef.
Each region has a unique distinct style, ingredients and flavors of barbecue, and all are delicious. What is your favorite style?